1. Hazard assessment: to identify the types of hazard that the school may experience.
2. Site location: identify key features that may impact exposure to specific hazards including topography, soil conditions, proximity to water bodies/fault lines, vegetation.
3. Physical planning: adequately mitigate against the risks identified as a result of the hazard and site assessments.
4. Structural typology: appropriate typology used for the buildings which takes account of the most prevalent hazards.
5. Building configuration: reasonably symmetric, allows safe egress, avoids irregular features.
6. Building modifications: have not been constructed unless allowed for specifically in the building design.
7. Structural capacity: key elements of the building (e.g. foundations, beams, columns, walls, roof, connections) have been assessed for their ability to transfer vertical and lateral loads.
8. Non-structural capacity: non-structural elements take account of the prevalent hazards and are adequately fixed to the main structure.
9. Materials and workmanship: assure the quality of materials and workmanship during construction and/or there are no signs of structural deterioration in key elements of the building.
10. Maintenance/repairs: adequate funding and local skills available to carry out regular maintenance and repairs of the school buildings and site infrastructure.